As part of the agreement, 6 billion euros in financial aid was promised to Turkey, which was to be used by the Turkish government to finance projects for Syrian refugees. According to the European Commission, 3 billion euros have already been paid to Turkey to cover the cost of education for half a million Syrian children. Thousands of migrants trying to reach Europe from Turkey after opening their borders at the end of February are stranded at the border. Ankara has triggered this particular problem, but European states should nevertheless shoulder a heavier burden to help alleviate the wider crisis of forced displacement. The plan is based on a tripartite mechanism by which Turkey takes all necessary measures to prevent irregular migration to Europe. All new irregular migrants arriving from Turkey on the Greek islands will be repatriated to Turkey and for every Syrian repatriated from the Greek islands to Turkey, another will be resettled in the EU. This mechanism proved effective shortly after the action plan agreement. According to the European Commission, “three years later, irregular arrivals are 97% lower than those preceded by the declaration, while the number of deaths at sea has decreased considerably.” Turkish pressure on the EU in the US is based on migrants, geopolitical considerations. The 2016 Migration Agreement was a package comprising a migrant resettlement programme in the EU; Visa exemption for Turkish citizens in the Schengen area; modernisation of the EU-Turkey customs union; speeding up Turkey`s EU accession negotiations; and an indefinite provision on EU-Turkey cooperation to improve humanitarian conditions in Syria. Due to the reluctance of EU member states, only 25,000 Syrians have been relocated from Turkey to the 27-member bloc in the four years since the agreement came into force.
Growing fears of the spread of coronavirus in Europe have fuelled concerns about the uncontrolled movement of people and the situation in migrant camps, with a case of COVID 19 disease diagnosed on 9 March in a camp in Lesbos. Some European politicians have raised concerns about the virus to justify requests for stricter border police, including the suspension of the right to asylum. Critics said the deal could force migrants determined to reach Europe to use other potentially more dangerous routes, such as travel between North Africa and Italy. Human rights groups are highly critical of the deal: Amnesty International accuses the EU of “turning its back on the global refugee crisis.”  A Chatham House document argued that the agreement, by over-meeting Erdogan`s demands, encouraged Turkey to make “more unilateral concessions in the future.”  One of the main problems that many human rights organizations have with the agreement is that Turkey does not meet the standards for welcoming refugees. In particular, many refugees cannot apply for asylum in Turkey and, while there, they do not have a quality standard of living.  In addition, refugees in Turkey are limited to certain areas where they are allowed to stay. In these areas, critical infrastructure, such as hospitals, is often lacking.  The agreement also included promises to ease visa restrictions for Turkish citizens, restart Ankara`s EU accession negotiations and strengthen the customs union between the two sides. The Turkish government has argued that Brussels has not complied with the agreement on these issues, even though it has fully implemented itself.