The Farmers (Empowerment And Protection) Agreement On Price Assurance And Farm Services Bill 2020

In 2017-18, the central government published the APMC model and contract agriculture legislation to allow unrestricted trade in agricultural products, promote competition through multiple marketing channels and promote agriculture under pre-contracted contracts. [3] [4] The Standing Committee (2018-19) found that states had not implemented many of the reforms proposed in the standard laws13. He recommended that the central government set up a committee of agriculture ministers from all states to reach consensus and develop a legal framework for the marketing of agricultural products. In July 2019, a high-performance committee of seven chief ministers was set up to discuss, among other things: (i) the adoption and implementation of standard laws by states over time and (ii) amendments to the Essential Commodities Act of 1955 (which provides for control of the production, supply and trade of essential goods) to attract private investment in agricultural marketing and infrastructure. [5] In order to facilitate such an agreement, the government may adopt guidelines on standard agreements. Agricultural markets in India are governed primarily by the laws of the Agricultural Producers Marketing Committee (CMPA). LDCs were set up to ensure fair trade between buyers and sellers in order to effectively price farmers` products. [1] LDCs may: (i) regulate the trade in farmers` products by licensing buyers, Commission representatives and private markets, (ii) impose market royalties or other taxes on such trade and (iii) provide the necessary infrastructure in their markets to facilitate trade. (a) a guaranteed price to pay for these products; Prices for the purchase of agricultural products must be specified in the agreement. Gramin Agriculture Markets: The Standing Committee noted that the availability of a transparent marketing platform, easily accessible and efficient is a precondition for safeguarding remunerative prices for farmers1 Most farmers do not have access to public procurement and APMC markets.1 Small and marginal farmers (who own 86% of farms) face different problems when selling their products in the APMC111 markets , for example. B insufficient marketable surpluses.

Distance to the nearest APMC markets and lack of transportation.1 The average area served by an APMC market is 496 km2. much higher than the 80 sq km. Recommended by the National Commission on Farmers (Chair: Dr.M S. Swaminathan) in 2006.1 Agricultural products mentioned in the conventions of the Act are exempt from the application of a state law to regulate the sale or purchase of agricultural products.