For variations of these responses to Situationists, see Kupperman (2001), Kamtekar (2004), Radcliffe (2007), Sabini and Silver (2005), Sreenivasan (2013) and Wright (1963, 136-154). Business ethics (including corporate ethics) is a form of ethics or applied deontology that studies ethical principles and moral or ethical issues that arise in a business environment, including areas such as medical ethics. Business ethics represent the practices that an individual or group has in the marketplace within an organization that can have a negative or positive impact on the company`s core values. It applies to all aspects of business behavior and is relevant to the behavior of individuals and entire organizations. Because Aristotle thinks that virtue is a unique, incoherent state, where emotional reactions and rational evaluations speak in the same voice, he thinks, like Plato, that the formation of our emotional reactions is essential to the development of a virtuous character. If our emotional reactions are properly educated, we will learn to have joy or pain in the right things. Like Plato, Aristotle believes that we can take the joys and sorrows of a human being as a sign of his state of character. Traditionally, normative ethics (also known as moral theory) was the study of what makes actions right and wrong. These theories offered a transversal moral principle that could be invoked to resolve difficult moral choices. How can these powers be fully recognized? It is not by indinging with any type of activity where reflection and judgment are necessary on the basis of reason.
Because it would then be necessary to master all types of cultural, scientific and philosophical activity. Aristotle`s idea is rather that an individual develops these abilities to the extent that he enjoys and appreciates the exercise of his rational forces carried out in a multitude of diverse and even seemingly incoherent activities. When this happens, his exercise of these abilities is a persistent source of self-esteem and joy. He loves his life and himself and is now a true lover of himself (Nicomaic Ethics 1168b28-1169a3). Aristotle accepts Plato`s division of the soul into two fundamental parts (rational and non-rational) and agrees that both parts contribute to the virtuous character. Of all the Greek moralists, Aristotle delivers the most psychologically revealing report on the virtuous character. Since many treatments of a modern philosophical character (see sections 3 and 4 below) are due to Aristotle`s analysis, it is best to discuss his position in detail….