But Greece`s controversial move to sign a maritime delimitation agreement with Egypt, which Turkey says violates its continental eleven and maritime rights, has sparked new tensions between the two neighbors, with Ankara accusing Athens of pursuing a maximalist policy in the eastern Mediterranean. Turkey and the GNA also signed an agreement on security and military cooperation last year. Earlier this year, Turkey sent troops, Syrian mercenaries and other military backers to help the GNA repel an attack by rival eastern-based Libyan National Army and turn the tide of the conflict. Turkey is a member of the United Nations and the Libyan GNA is recognized by the international organization. Therefore, criticisms such as “If there was a relationship with Haftar`s [Khalifa] regime, if Turkey signed an agreement with Haftar, it would be better,” given that the GNA is a transitional government in Libya created as part of the Libyan political agreement, a UNITED Nations-led initiative and signed on December 17, 2015. On the basis of this agreement, Turkey would be able to send troops to help Libya launch joint maritime exploration activities and take a position of strength in decisions on gas pipelines that cross these stretches of the seabed. “Any treaty and international agreement concluded by a Member of the United Nations after the entry into force of this Charter shall be registered as soon as possible with and published by the Secretariat,” article 102 states, on November 27, 2019, Turkey and the legitimate Libyan government, the GNA, signed two separate Memoranda of Understanding (MoU), one on military cooperation and the other on the maritime borders of the Eastern Mediterranean countries. The agreement allows Turkey and Libya to protect their rights and interests in the waters of the Eastern Mediterranean. In October 2020, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recorded an agreement between Turkey and Libya on the delimitation of maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean. The agreement “has been registered with the secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations,” the registration certificate states.   Two months earlier (August 2020), Greece and Egypt had signed another maritime agreement delimiting an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights to counter the agreement between Turkey and Libya.  The registration of the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan GNA at the United Nations is clearly an ambitious and encouraging signal to other coastal states that Ankara wants to have a say in the future development of the region`s gas and hydrocarbon reserves.
While exclusive policies can create tension and instability, inclusion and cooperation will certainly ensure a win-win outcome for all countries in this important geostrategic region. In accordance with UN procedures, Member States shall inform the Organisation that agreements have been signed.. . . .